11. Corallocarpus Hook. f. in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 1:831. 1867. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2:628. 1879; Cogn. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 3:648. 1881; Chakravarty in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 17(1):168. 1959; Jafri, Fl. Kar. 324. 1966; C. Jeffrey in Milne-Redhead and Polhill, Fl. Trop. E. Afr. (Cucurbitaceae): 138. 1967; C. Jeffrey in Kew Bull. 15(3): 344. 1962.
S. NAZIMUDDIN AND S. SHAHARYAR H. NAQVI
Climbing and trailing, tuberous rooted, monoecious, perennial herbs, scabrid to subtomentose. Trendril simple. Leaves simple, petiolate, broadly ovate or reniform, cordate, palmately lobed, leaf lobes minutely apiculate-obtuse. Flowers small, dull or greenish-yellow. Male crowded at the apex, usually on long peduncles, few to many, sometimes produced on contracted, ± leafless branches at the nodes, calyx tube campanulate with small lobes. Petals connate at the base. Stamens 3, free, inserted on the calyx tube, one 1-thecous, the others 2-thecous, filaments short, thecae short, straight, lateral. Female flowers solitary or fascicled, subsessile, often co-axillary with the male inflorescence. Disc absent. Staminodes when present 5, subulate. Stigma 2(-3)-lobed. Fruit a berry, small, ovoid or ellipsoid, often beaked, red or yellowish-red, operculately dehiscent at the base. Seeds small, asymmetrically pyriform to subglobose.
About 12 species, mostly African, and a few Asian; 2 or 3 species found in Pakistan.