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Pakistan | Family List | Flacourtiaceae

Gmelina Linn., Sp. P1. 626. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5:526. 1754; Benth. & Hook. f., l.c. 1153; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c. 581.

Climbing shrubs or small trees, with hairy young shoots and opposite, usually entire leaves. Cymes terminal, panicled. Flowers large, yellow or brownish-yellow, zygomorphic; bracts rarely foliaceous. Calyx campanulate, subentire to 4-5-toothed, persistent, not enlarged in fruit. Corolla 2-lipped, infundibuliform, tube narrowed at base, ventricose towards the apex; limb oblique, (4-) 5-lobed. Stamens 4, inserted near the throat, subexserted to included; anthers oblong. Ovary 4-locular, with 1 ovule in each locule; style with 2-fid stigma. Drupe fleshy, 2-4-loculed with bony endocarp; seeds oblong, exalbuminous.

About 35 species, mostly Asian and Australian, only a few in Africa and Mascarene islands; represented here by 2 cultivated species.

1 Spinose, scandent shrub. Leaves rhomboid-elliptic, with 2-2.5 cm long petiole. Bracts large, foliaceous and petaloid   Gmelina philippensis
+ Unarmed tree. Leaves broadly ovate, with more than 5 cm long petiole. Bracts small, neither foliaceous nor petaloid   Gmelina arborea

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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