All Floras      Advanced Search
Page 28 Login | eFloras Home | Help
Pakistan | Family List | Ranunculaceae

8. Nigella L., Sp. Pl. 534. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5:238.1754, Boiss., Fl. Or. 64-70.1867, Krasheninikov in Komarov, Fl. URSS. 7:62.1937, Davis, Fl. Turk. 1:98-105.1965, Strid in Opera Bot. 28:1-169.1970, Qureshi & Chaudhri in Pak. Syst. 4(1-2):30.1988.


Naturhistorisches Museum, Botanische Abteilung, Wien, Austria.


National Herbarium, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council, Islamabad, Pakistan.

Annual slender plants with strongly dissected leaves and filiform leaf-segments. Flowers regular. Sepals petaloid, blue or whitish, acute, deciduous. Petals nectiferous, 5-10, bilabiate, the outer lips deeply incised. Stamens numerous. Follicles 2-8(-14), more or less coherent, rostrate with long styles, often inflated. Seeds several in each unilocular follicle.

A genus of c. 20 species distributed from the western Mediterranean to Asia. No species are found wild in Pakistan, but at least two representatives are widely cultivated and also reported from this area. Both belong to the group with coherent, strongly inflated follicles.

Species not seen

Qureshi & Chaudhri (Pak. Syst. 40-2): (p.31 & 33.1988), mention the following two introduced species which I have not seen.

Nigella orientalis L., Sp. Pl. 534.1753.

Flowers yellow, with lower lip of petals villous. Capsule flattened.

Type: Described from Aleppo, Syria.

Distribution: Caucasus, Turkestan, N. Iran.

Nigella integriolia Regel in Bull. Soc. Mosc. 43:246.1883.

Lower leaves entire, upper 3-5-lobed. Flowers blue. Petals strap-l ike, 2-fid at tip. Carpels 3.

Type: Described from Tadzikistan, C. Asia (LE).

Distribution: C. Asia, Iran. Introduced elsewhere.

1 Flowers with a distinct involucre of finely dissected leaves   1 Nigella damascena
+ Flowers without an involucre   2 Nigella sativa

Lower Taxa


 |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |