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Pakistan | Family List | Boraginaceae

10. Nonea Medicus, Philos. Bot. 1:31. 1789. C. B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 4:169.1883; Riedl in Oesterr. Bot. Zeitschr. 110:527-529.1963; in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 48:241.1967; Kazmi in J. Arn. Arb. 52:670.1971; A. Baytop in Davis, Fl. Turk. 6:404.1978.


Annual or perennial herbs with hispid-glandular to vinous parts. Flowers racemose, actinomorphic. Calyx 5-fid, accrescent in fruit. Corolla tubular to campanulate-funnelform, the throat with 5 hairy appendages or scales; tube basally with a ring of hairs (annulus) or not; lobes 5; imbricate in bud, Stamens 5, included. Ovary prominently 4-lobed, style slender, stigma ± bilobed. Nutlets 4, transversely erect or subhorizontal, rugose, with a basal (ventral) scar, surrounded by a ring-like collar.

25 species found in Europe, Asia and N. Africa; mainly Mediterranean. Represented in Pakistan by 4-5 species.

For correct identification, flower and fruiting material is desirable along with adequate notes on the flower colour and size.

1 Flowers white   (2)
+ Flowers red or dark blue to purplish   (3)
2 (1) Nutlets 23-3 mm long; basal ring with collar 1.5-2 mm high, not denticulate at margin   2 Nonea turcomanica
+ Nutlets c. 4 mm long; basal ring with collar less than 1 mm high, denticulate at marign   1 Nonea edgeworthii
3 (1) Throat appendages quite prominent with hairs exserted from corolla throat   4 Nonea kandaharensis
+ Throat appendages and hairs neither prominent nor exserted   (4)
4 (3) Corolla with l ring of hairs (annulus) internally at the base   3 Nonea caspica
+ Corolla without a ring of hairs internally at the base   5 Nonea pulla

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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