16. Satyrium O. Swartz in Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 214. (1810). nom. cons.
Plants with sessile, undivided tuberoids. Leaves basal or cauline, or on separate sterile shoots. Inflorescence few to many-flowered. Bracts ± herbaceous, often recurved. Flowers not resupinate, variously colored. Tepals subsimilar, free or partly united at base. Labellum erect, hooded, 2-spurred or 2-saccate at base. Column slender, covered by the labellum; anther basally firmly united with the column, reversed, so that base is upper most; pollinia 2, sectile, with caudicles and separate, naked viscidia; stigma, as a result of the rotation of the anther, on top of the latter, flat or hooded; rostellum between stigma and anther-cells, 3-lobed. Ovary not twisted.
A large genus with over. 100 species, mainly developed in Southern Africa. About a dozen species in Asia, occuring in the Himalayas to Sikkim, Bhutan and China, also S. India and Sri Lanka. 1 species is found in Pakistan.