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Pakistan | Family List | Pakistan V. 182 | Pinaceae | Cedrus

Cedrus deodara (Roxb. ex D. Don), G. Don in Loudon, Hort. Brit. ed. 1:388. 1830; Brandis, For. Fl. N.W. & C. India 516.1847; Parker, For. Fl. Punjab. 544.1918; E. Nasir et al, l.c. (Fig. 2, F-H).

Common name: `Deodar'. Fl. Per.: October.

Trees up to 30 m tall with spreading horizontal branches; branchlets drooping. Leaves acicular, 2.5 cm long, 3‑sided. Male cones solitary at the tips of dwarf shoots, erect, cylindrical, purplish at maturity, 2.5‑4.5(‑7) cm long; microsporophylls spirally arranged, each with 2 oblong sporangia; micropores not winged. Female cones solitary, erect, terminal at the end of shoots; young cones greenish, mature cones brown, barrel‑shaped, 7‑12 x 5‑9 cm; sporophylls fan‑shaped, deciduous, leaving a central woody axis. Seeds obovate, 4‑6 mm (excluding wing), with a large light brown wing.

Type: India: `Montes a Rohilcund septentriones versus', Roxburgh.

The `cedar' is commonly gregarious at altitudes from 2000‑3000 m. The wood is of an excellent quality, and used for construction purposes etc. Cones ripen in October‑November of the second year; Distribution: Afghanistan, Kurram eastward to Kashmir and W. Nepal.


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