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Pakistan | Family List | Caesalpiniaceae | Bauhinia

3. Bauhinia racemosa Lamk., Encycl. Meth. 1: 390. 1784. Baker in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 276. 1878 (excl. synonyms), Parker l.c. 178, Ali, l.c. 242.

Vern. Jhinjera, Kosundra, Kanchnal.

S.I. Ali

Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi-Pakistan

  • Pilostigma racemosa (Lamk.) Benth.

    A small deciduous tree with a short unbranched trunk, and spreading crow, bark dark brown, rough with vertical cracks, young twigs hairy. Leaves 2-5 cm long, 2.5-7.5 cm broad, divided half way down into two lobes, glabrous above, hairy below, base usually cordate, 7-9 nerved, petiole 7.0-18 mm long. InfloresĀ¬cence terminal or leaf opposed raceme 7.5-12.5 cm long. Flowers pedicellate, pedicel 5-10 mm long, hairy, jointed near the middle, bracts short, linear, acute, hypanthium very short. Calyx c. 6.0-8.0 mm long, spathaceous, reflexed. Petals narrow, oblanceolate, acute, white. Stamens 10, all fertile, filaments hairy at the base. Ovary hairy, stigma sessile. Pods 12.5-25 cm long, 1.7-2.5 cm wide, stipe c. 1.2-1.5 cm long, turgid, rigid, falcate. Seeds 12-20, oblong, compressed, black 7-8 mm long.

    Fl. Per.: March June.

    Type: East India, Sonnerat (P-not seen).

    B-7 Chichawatni Silva garden, tree, M. Azam H. 745 (PFI-B), G-4 Dadu Distt.: Thana Bula Khan, S. I. Ali 431 (KUH).

    Distribution: W. Pakistan (Punjab), India (Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Bengal, Behar, Orissa, Central India, Bombay, Madras, Mysore) , Ceylon, Burma, China.

    The inner bark gives a fibre used for ropes. Green leaves are eaten by cattle. Gum and leaves are used medicinally (Nadkarni, l.c. 183).


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