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Pakistan | Family List | Rhamnaceae | Ziziphus

1. Ziziphus mauritiana Lam., Encycl. Meth. Bot. 3:318. 1789. DC., Prodr. 2:21. 1825; Collett, l.c. 90; R.R. Stewart, l.c. 469; Browicz 1.c. 8.


  • Ziziphus jujuba* Lam.

    Tree, 9-15 m or large shrub, branches spreading and drooping, young branches softly tomentose, longer stipular spine, c. 5-7 mm long, sometime without spines. Leaves ovate, oblong, elliptic-ovate, or sub-orbicular, 2-9 cm x 1.5-5 cm, slightly oblique at base, obtuse, rounded shortly acuminate at apex, rounded or sub-cordate or entire, serrate, glabrous and dark green above, greyish pale-coloured and densely tomentose beneath; petiole 8-15 mm long, tomentose. Inflorescence axillary cymes, tomentose. Flowers 2-3 mm across, greenish yellow. Calyx 5, hairy out-side, glabrous within, c. 1.5 mm long, ovate, acute, keeled within. Petals 5, spoon like or clawed, reflexed, c.1 mm long. Stamens 5, smaller than the petals. Ovary 2-celled, styles bifid. Disc 10-lobed or grooved; fruit 1.5-3.5 x 1.5-2.5 cm, globose to ovoid, bilocular; pyrene tubercled and irregularly furrowed.

    Distribution: India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Ceylon, China, Australia, Trop. Africa.

    1 Plant cultivated, medium sized tree, leaves 6-9 cm long. Fruit ovoid,2.5-3.5 cm long   1 Ziziphus mauritiana var. mauritiana
    + Plant wild mostly large shrub, leaves 2-3 cm long. Fruit globose, 1-1.5 cm long   1 Ziziphus mauritiana var. spontanea

    Lower Taxa

    Related Synonym(s):


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