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Pakistan | Family List | Verbenaceae | Verbena

Verbena officinalis Linn., Sp. Pl. 20. 1753. Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:534. 1879; Clarke in Hook. f., l.c.; Kashyap, Lahore Dist. Fl. 194. 1936; Patzak & Rech. f. in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 43:1. 1967.

Vern: Karenta, Pamukh.

Verbena officinalis

Credit: Shaukat

  • Verbena tenuispicata Stapf

    Erect perennial, 25-100 cm tall, somewhat woody at base, branched above; branches 4-angled with scabrous angles. Leaves oblong to oblong-lanceolate, 3.5-8 cm long, 1.5-3.5 cm broad, deeply serrate, lyrately pinnatifid to subentire, narrowed at the base; hispid, lower petiolate, upper ones sessile. Spikes terminal, paniculate, 10-20 cm long. Flowers pale pink or purplish, c. 4 mm across, subsessile; bracts oblong-ovate, c. 2 mm long, acuminate, ciliate. Calyx tube longer than bracts, minutely 5-toothed, ribbed, hairy. Corolla-tube almost cylindrical, c. 6 mm long, unequally 5-lobed, hairy. Stamens 4, all fertile or occasionally 2 sterile, included; anthers appendaged. Ovary 4-lobed with short style. Fruits of four, 1-seeded, subcylindrical, smooth nutlets.

    Fl. Per.: June-Dec.

    Type: “Hab. in Europae mediterraneae ruderatis”. Herb. Linn. 35/15 (LINN).

    Distribution: Most of Europe and Asia, N. Africa; introduced in N. America and S. Africa.

    Fairly common near water in waste lands and cultivated fields in northern and western parts of Pakistan, between 500 and 2000 m.

    Leaves are used as a febrifuge and tonic and roots as a cure for scorpion and snake bite.


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