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Pakistan | Family List | Papilionaceae | Mucuna

Mucuna pruriens (Linn.) DC., Prodr. 2:405. 1825. Baker in Hook.f., Fl.Brit.Ind. 2:187. 1876; Cooke,Fl.Bomb.Pres.(reprint ed.)389.1958; Parker, For.Fl.Punj.3rd. ed.157.1956.

Vern.: Gugli.

  • Dolichos pruriens Linn.
  • Mucuna prurita Hook.

    Climbing herb, young branches densely pubescent, becoming glabrous. Leaf trifoliolate, petiole 2-40 cm long, leaflet 4.8-19 cm long, 3.5-16.5 cm broad, obovate, elliptic, rhomboid or ovate, lateral leaflets very oblique, acute or acuminate, pubescent on both sides; petiolule 2-3 mm long; stipules c. 5 mm long. Inflorescence an axillary raceme, 15.0-.30 cm long, flowers single or 2-3 together. Bracts 12.5 mm long; pedicel 2.5-5:O mm long. Calyx 7.5-9 mm long, silky, teeth equal or longer than the tube. Corolla purple. Vexillum 1.5 cm long. Keel 2.5-3.8 cm long, Fruit 5-6.3 cm long, not winged or plaited, with a longitudinal rib running the length of each valve, pubescent, hairs brown and irritating, 5-6- seeded.

    Fl.Per.: November-March.

    Type: Indonesia, Amboina; Rumphius, Herb.Amb.5,t.142.1750.

    Distribution: Kashmir; India; Sikkim; Ceylon; Burma; Indochina; Indonesia; Philippines.

    The bristles are used as a vermifuge, generally taken in syrup.


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