Pogonia spec. (Sect. Nervilia Lindl.)
Terrestrial plant with leaf-shoot separate from scape, the latter arising from apex of tuberous rhizome. Leaves 2, narrow-linear, grasslike, up to 30-40 x 1.5-3 cm. Scape stout, 25-30 cm tall, at base densely scale-like, sheathed, above distantly 3-sheathed. Inflorescence many-flowered, lower section sometimes lax, above dense. Bracts lanceolate, acuminate, about half as long as pedicellate ovary. Flowers c. 2.5 cm across; first spreading, later nodding. Perianth segments subequal in length, spreading, sepals pale green with purplish veins, oblanceolate, mucronate, up to 1.6 cm long; petals somewhat shorter. Labellum spurred, 3-lobed, 1.5 cm long; side-lobes purple, erect, triangular-ovate, rounded; mid-lobe yellow, suborbicular, with undulate-erose margin; disk in centre between side-lobes with 3-parallel ridges getting coarsely fringed on mid-lobe. Spur whitish, (5-)6-7 mm long, cylindric, obtuse. Ovary and pedicel about equal in length; ripe seed-capsule enlarged, nodding.
Fl. Per.: March-April, on sandy river banks.
Type: N.W. Himalaya: Mussoorie, 6000 ft., 23.3.1899, P. W. Mackinon 22708! (DD).
Distribution: (Turkestan?), Afghanistan, Pakistan eastwards to Himachal Pradesh and Upper Gangetic Plain.
Closely related to Eulophia turcestanica (Litwinow) Schlechter (1913) (=Limodorum turcestanicum Litwinow in Tray. Mus. Bot. Acad. Sci. Petersbourgh 1:18. 1902).