YASIN J. NASIR
Paracaryum heliocarpum Kerner
Perennial herb up to 75 cm tall with softly hairy parts. Stem usually branched above. Basal leaves petiolate, lanceolate or broadly so, excluding petiole 8-30 x 2-9 cm, upper surface with soft subappressed hairs. Caulirie leaves similar but smaller. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, bifurcate, lax in fruit. Pedicel up to 5 mm in flower, up to twice or longer in fruit. Calyx 5-partite into oblong to narrow oblong lobes, 3-4 mm long, up to 6 mm in fruit. Corolla bluish-pink to blue-purple; campanulate, 9-12 mm long. Tube 5-7 mm long, equal to or exceeding calyx; limb longer than tube, 1 /3 to 1 /2 cleft into obtuse lobes. Throat scales at base level with limb, ± 3 mm long, wedge-shaped, edges minutely puberulous, below apex bigibbous. Anthers linear-oblong, 2.8-3 mm long, filaments 1.5-2 mm long, attached below throat scales, base dilated. Style 9-10 mm long, slender. Nutlets 5 x 3 mm, ± circular. Dorsal surface appendiculate; appendages along margin 1.5-2 mm long, basally confluent to form a broad rim, middle dorsal area with shorter appendages along median line.
Fl.. Per.: June-August.
Type: based on specimens cultivated from seeds obtained from Kashmir and Tibet, Hb. E. India Co., coll. Ignot. s.n. (K).
Distribution: Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, Pamir Alaj, Tien Shan.
Fairly common from 2500-3400 m. Variable as to flower size, colour and villosity of stem and leaves.