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Pakistan | Family List | Labiatae | Salvia

14. Salvia rhytidea Benth. in DC., Prodr. 12: 280. 1848. Hedge in Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 26: 419. 1965; Stewart, Ann. Cat. Vasc. Pl. W. Pak. & Kashm. 632.1972; Hedge in Rech. f., Fl. Iran. 150: 454, t. 495. 1982.

I.C. Hedge

  • Salvia edelbergii Rech. f.
  • Salvia lalesarica Rech. f.
  • Salvia polychroma Rech. f. & Edelb.
  • Salvia polyclada Rech. f.

    Perennial, herbaceous. Stems sturdy, quadrangular, leafy, erect, several, up to 1 m, below densely eglandular pilose or villous, above with a dense indumentum of glandular hairs and sessile oil globules. Leaves up to 14 x 10 cm, triangular-ovate to oblong-ovate, whitish below, usually densely arachnoid with eglandular and glandular hairs and numerous sessile oil globules, margin sinuate, lobed or regularly crenate, truncate or cordate at base, acute at apex; lower leaves with a petiole to 7 cm, upper cauline leaves sessile, amplexicaul. Inflorescence showy, wide paniculate; verticillasters 4-6-flowered, clearly separated. Bracts broad ovate, abruptly acuminate c. 10 x 10 mm, often violet tinged; bracteoles present. Pedicels to 3.5 mm, erect-spreading. Calyx campanulate, in flower to 10 mm expanding slightly in fruit, densely covered with eglandular and glandular hairs and sessile oil globules, often lilac coloured; teeth of upper and lower lips shortly mucronate. Corolla c. 25 mm long, with a prominent falcate lilac upper lip and a yellowish lower lip; tube c. 10 mm, ventricose, squamulate and invaginated. Lower thecae adhering, sterile, dolabriform. Nutlets ovoid-trigonous, brown with darker veins, c. 2.5 x15 mm.

    Fl. Per.: April-May.

    Type: [Afghanistan] "In regno Cabulico [exact locality uncertain], Griffith 474 et forte etiam 476" [holo. K!].

    Distribution: S. Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan (Chitral).

    Characterized among the Pakistan species by the large falcate corollas with a lilac upper lip and a yellowish lower lip. A particularly abundant plant in central Afghanistan, often on overgrazed slopes, but to date only known from a solitary gathering in our area.


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