All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 11 Page 132, 135 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 11 | Malpighiaceae

2. Hiptage Gaertner, Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 169. 1790.

风筝果属 feng zheng guo shu

Woody lianas, lianoid shrubs, or small trees. Leaves opposite, leathery or subleathery, entire, sometimes with 2 basal glands on abaxial surface; stipules minute, glandlike, or absent. Racemes axillary or terminal; peduncles bracteate; pedicels articulate, 2-bracteolate at articulation point. Flowers white, sometimes pinkish, fragrant, bisexual, zygomorphic. Calyx with 1 or 2 glands partially adnate to pedicel or eglandular. Sepals 5, imbricate, basally connate. Petals 5, clawed, ± unequal, silky pubescent. Stamens 10, unequal, one much larger than others; filaments connate at base. Ovary shallowly 3-lobed, 3-5 appendages on abaxial surface; style 1, rarely 2, filiform, at first circinate; stigma capitate. Samaras 1-3, each 3-winged; abaxial wing long, erect; lateral wings short, spreading. Seed angular-globose.

About 30 species: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Mauritius, Philippines, Thailand; ten species (seven endemic) in China.

Hiptage sericea J. D. Hooker is grown as an ornamental in SE Asia, with plants recorded in China from Guangdong ("Cape Syngmoon") and Taiwan.

We are unable to treat Hiptage leptophylla Hayata (Icon. Pl. Formos. 3: 48. 1913), described from Taiwan, because we have seen no specimens.

1 Calyx eglandular   (2)
+ Calyx glandular, glands adnate to pedicel   (3)
2 (1) Inflorescence yellow-brown appressed pubescent; leaf blade ovate, ovate-lanceolate, or elliptic, base cuneate, apex acuminate.   9 H. minor
+ Inflorescence white tomentose; leaf blade lanceolate or obovate-lanceolate, base attenuate, apex acuminate-obtuse or rounded.   10 H. lanceolata
3 (1) Two sepals of calyx glandular.   8 H. luodianensis
+ Only 1 sepal of calyx glandular   (4)
4 (3) Gland of calyx rotund or oblong, not decurrent to pedicel   (5)
+ Gland of calyx oblong, oblong-lanceolate, or ovate-oblong, or ± decurrent to pedicel   (7)
5 (4) Leaf blade oblong, base cordate, apex acute; abaxial wing of samara obovate.   5 H. multiflora
+ Leaf blade elliptic to ovate, base cuneate or rounded, apex acuminate; abaxial wing of samara oblong   (6)
6 (5) Raceme terminal, ca. 11 cm; sepal oblong; leaf base cuneate.   6 H. fraxinifolia
+ Raceme axillary, ca. 3 cm; sepal ovate; leaf base rounded or broadly cuneate.   7 H. tianyangensis
7 (4) Leaf blade abaxially densely yellow-brown or gray-white tomentose; gland of calyx oblong-lanceolate, base decurrent to pedicel.   1 H. candicans
+ Leaf blade glabrous, base of midrib sparsely pubescent abaxially; gland of calyx oblong or ovate-oblong, 1/4-1/2 decurrent to pedicel   (8)
8 (7) Body of samara shortly sericeous, wings glabrous; leaf blade oblong, elliptic-oblong, or ovate-lanceolate.   4 H. benghalensis
+ Body and wings of samara pubescent; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong, ovate, or elliptic   (9)
9 (8) Abaxial wing of samara obovate-oblong, 2.5-3 × ca. 1.2 cm, lateral wings linear-lanceolate, ca. 13 × 5-6 mm; leaf blade lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, 7.5-12 × 3-4.5 cm.   2 H. acuminata
+ Abaxial wing of samara narrowly oblanceolate, ca. 3 × 1 cm, lateral wings linear, ca. 15 × 3 mm; leaf blade elliptic, 12.5-17 × 4-7 cm.   3 H. yunnanensis

  • List of lower taxa


    Related Objects  
  • Hiptage.pdf
  • PDF

  • Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |