All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 15 Page 198 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 15 | Plumbaginaceae

7. Limonium Miller, Gard. Dict. Abr., ed. 4. 4. 1754.
[nom. cons.]

补血草属 bu xue cao shu

Statice Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 274. 1753, nom. rej.

Herbs or shrublets, stems often suppressed and forming caudex. Leaves alternate, often crowded into sessile rosettes, less often spaced along stems. Inflorescences usually much branched, often flat-topped, rarely capitate or spikelike; ultimate branches forming spikes with (1- or)2--13 rarely more distichously arranged spikelets; spikelets 1--5-flowered; bracts distinctly shorter than first bractlet, margin membranous; bractlet margin usually broadly membranous. Calyx funnelform, obconoid, or tubular, base straight or oblique, indistinctly herbaceous along ribs, scarious between ribs; limb scarious, inflated, or expanded, apically 5- or 10-lobed. Corolla basally connate, apically free and expanded. Stamens adnate to corolla base. Ovary obovoid, apex acute. Styles 5, free, glabrous; stigmas elongated to filiform, terete. Capsules obovoid.

About 300 species: worldwide; 22 species in China.

Limonium macrorhabdos (Boissier) Kuntze var. thomsonii C. B. Clarke was described from W Tibet but may have been collected from Ladakh, so although the taxon occurs near the border with China, no definite records are known from China.

1 Shrublets; leaves congested on upper parts of stems.   (2)
+ Herbs; leaves only in a basal rosette or basal and along branches.   (3)
2 (1) Stems densely covered by dark brown or black rigid scales; leaves without auriform sheaths; inflorescences corymbose   4 Limonium wrightii
+ Stems covered by lightly colored scarious scales; leaves with 2 auriform membranous sheaths; inflorescences interrupted spicate   22 Limonium suffruticosum
3 (1) Calyx not oblique at base, usually 2--3.5 mm but if longer then limb not expanded.   (4)
+ Calyx abruptly oblique at base, usually 5--8 mm but even if shorter always funnelform.   (8)
4 (3) Leaves on main branches of inflorescences clasping, rounded or reniform   18 Limonium otolepis
+ Leaves on branches not clasping, not rounded nor reniform.   (5)
5 (4) Inflorescences without or only with a few simple sterile branches; first bractlet herbaceous.   (6)
+ Inflorescences with many branched sterile branches; first bractlet membranous.   (7)
6 (5) Leaf blade 2.5--5 X 1--2 cm; calyx 6.5--7 mm   17 Limonium callianthum
+ Leaf blade (5--)10--30(--40) X 3--8(--10) cm; calyx to 4 mm   21 Limonium gmelinii
7 (5) Leaves oblong-ovate to oblong-spatulate, 1--3.5 X 0.5--2 cm, early deciduous   19 Limonium coralloides
+ Leaves spatulate to obovate-spatulate, (5--)10--15(--25) X 2--6(--15) cm, persistent when flowering   20 Limonium myrianthum
8 (3) Stems 1 (rarely more), erect, apically branched, ultimate branches each with a globose inflorescence; calyx limb without conspicuous lobes   6 Limonium flexuosum
+ Stems many, erect or prostrate, often branched from base, many branches sterile; calyx limb with well developed lobes.   (9)
9 (8) Calyx limb yellow to orange; corolla golden or orange-yellow.   (10)
+ Calyx limb purple, pink, or white; corolla yellow, rose, pale lilac, or purple-violet.   (15)
10 (9) Sterile branches (2 or)3--5, clustered in axils of membranous scales on node of rachis   16 Limonium chrysocomum
+ Sterile branches simple in axils of scales or at forks of inflorescences.   (11)
11 (10) Inflorescences with many dichotomous branches and flexuous rachises.   (12)
+ Inflorescences with straight non flexuous rachises.   (13)
12 (11) Peduncle and rachis of inflorescences without clustered hairs   12 Limonium aureum
+ Peduncle and rachis of inflorescences with dense clustered hairs   13 Limonium potaninii
13 (11) Plants 10--15 cm tall; branches densely verrucose; calyx 5--6 mm   14 Limonium dielsianum
+ Plants 20--40 cm tall; branches smooth or only young branches verrucose; calyx 8--10 cm.   (14)
14 (13) Sterile branches 2- or 3-branched; spikelets 2 or 3 per spike   11 Limonium lacostei
+ Sterile branches very long and many-branched; spikelets 5--7 per spike   15 Limonium rezniczenkoanum
15 (9) Stems prostrate, with well developed bracts on basal forks of inflorescences   7 Limonium congestum
+ Stems erect, without bracts on inflorescences.   (16)
16 (15) Caudex with dense white membranous scales; corolla rose-violet or purple-violet.   (17)
+ Caudex without white membranous scales; corolla yellow, pale lilac, or pale purple.   (18)
17 (16) First bractlet densely hirsute; root bark fissured into brown fibers   9 Limonium tenellum
+ First bractlet glabrous or slightly hirsute; root bark never fissured   10 Limonium kaschgaricum
18 (16) Calyx lobes apically distinctly acuminate and persistently awned; petiole basally to 2 mm wide   8 Limonium leptolobum
+ Calyx lobes never awned; petiole wider than 2 mm.   (19)
19 (18) Limb less than half as long as calyx   1 Limonium sinense
+ Limb half as long as calyx.   (20)
20 (19) Corolla pale lilac or pale purple   3 Limonium franchetii
+ Corolla yellow or pale yellow.   (21)
21 (20) Spike axis almost complanate   2 Limonium bicolor
+ Spike axis terete   5 Limonium dichroanthum

  • List of lower taxa


    Related Objects  
  • Publication
  • Web Page
  • PDF File
  • PDF

  • Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |