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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 6 | Ranunculaceae | Delphinium

159. Delphinium grandiflorum Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 531. 1753.

翠雀 cui que

Delphinium grandiflorum

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Stem (14--)30--65 cm tall, branched. Leaf blade 4--12 cm wide, base cordate; primary lobes separate for at least 90% of blade radius; central lobe rhombic, 1- or 3-cleft nearly to midvein, distally 1- or 2-lobulate or undivided, apex acute; ultimate lobules linear-lanceolate, linear, or narrowly linear; proximal leaves withered or not. Raceme 5--20 cm, 3--10-flowered, appressed puberulent, rarely mixed with yellow, glandular hairs; proximal bracts leaflike, distal ones linear. Pedicels 1.5--4(--7) cm; bracteoles borne near middle of pedicel or distally, linear or subulate, 3.5--7 mm. Sepals purple-blue or blue, abaxially puberulent; spur subulate or cylindric-subulate, 1.5--2 (--2.2) cm, straight or slightly recurved, base 2.5--3.5 mm in diam.; other sepals 1--1.9 cm. Petals undivided, glabrous. Staminode limb suborbicular or broadly obovate, entire, emarginate, or 2-lobulate, rarely 2-lobed, yellow barbate. Filaments glabrous or rarely pilose. Carpels 3; ovaries densely puberulent or glabrous. Fl. May--Nov.

Sparse forests, scrub, grassy slopes, grassy places in valleys, meadows, dry slopes, weedy places, fields; 100--3500 m. N Anhui, Beijing, C and E Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, S and W Henan, NW Jiangsu, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, S Ningxia, E Qinghai, Shaanxi, E Shandong, Shanxi, NW Sichuan, C and NW Yunnan [Mongolia, Russia (Siberia)].

1 Stem appressed puberulent, mixed with some retrorse, longer hairs   159e var. mosoynense
+ Stem appressed puberulent, sometimes mixed with short, glandular hairs.   (2)
2 (1) Carpels glabrous.   (3)
+ Carpels densely puberulent.   (4)
3 (2) Raceme appressed puberulent, without glandular hairs   159c var. deinocarpum
+ Raceme appressed puberulent and yellow glandular puberulent   159d var. leiocarpum
4 (2) Inflorescence corymbose   159f var. fangshanense
+ Inflorescence racemose.   (5)
5 (4) Raceme and stem appressed puberulent, without glandular hairs   159a var. grandiflorum
+ Raceme and often stem appressed puberulent and glandular puberulent   159b var. gilgianum


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  • Image/JPEG (Harvard University Herbaria)
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    Photos by The Biodiversity of the Hengduan Mountains Project  
  • Image/JPEG (Richard H. Ree)
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