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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 12 | Theaceae | Ternstroemia

7. Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arnott) Beddome, Fl. Sylv. S. India. 91. 1871.

厚皮香 hou pi xiang

Ternstroemia gymnanthera

Credit: Harvard University Herbaria

Shrubs 1.5-10(-15) m tall. Bark grayish brown, smooth. Young branches grayish brown; current year branchlets purplish red to reddish brown, glabrous. Petiole 0.7-1.3 cm, glabrous, adaxially grooved; leaf blade obovate, oblong-obovate, or broadly elliptic, (3-)4-12 × 1.5-5.5 cm, leathery, abaxially pale green becoming reddish brown when dry, adaxially dark green and shiny, both surfaces glabrous, midvein abaxially elevated and adaxially impressed, secondary veins 5-7 on each side of midvein and obscure on both surfaces, base cuneate, margin entire or apically sparsely serrate, apex acute to shortly acuminate and with an obtuse tip. Flowers axillary, solitary or several clustered on leafless branchlets, 1-1.8 cm in diam. Pedicel 1-1.5 cm, recurved. Male flowers similar to bisexual flowers but ovary reduced to a pistillode. Bisexual flowers: bracteoles triangular to triangular-ovate, 1.5-2.5 mm, margin glandular dentate, apex acute; sepals ovate to long ovate, 4-7 × 3-4 mm, glabrous, margin glandular dentate, apex rounded; petals pale yellow, obovate, 6-9 × 4-6 mm, apex rounded and retuse; stamens 4-5 mm; anthers oblong, longer than filaments; ovary ovoid, 2-loculed with 2 ovules per locule; style 1-3 mm, apically 2-lobed. Fruit purplish red when mature, globose, 1-1.5 cm in diam., 2-loculed with 1 or 2 seeds per locule. Seeds reniform, ca. 6 × 4 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Sep-Nov.

Forests, thickets; 200-2800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].

The name Ternstroemia gymnanthera has often been mistakenly applied to other Ternstroemia species in the literature.

1 Leaf blade (3-)4-9 × 1.5-3.5 cm, margin entire; flowers ca. 1 cm in diam.; fruit ca. 1 cm in diam.   7a var. gymnanthera
+ Leaf blade 10-12 × 3.5-5.5 cm, margin apically sparsely serrate; flowers 1.5-1.8 cm in diam.; fruit ca. 1.5 cm in diam.   7b var. wightii


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