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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 16 | Apocynaceae | Plumeria

1. Plumeria rubra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 209. 1753.

红鸡蛋花 ji dan hua

Plumeria rubra

Credit: Olga Martha Montiel

Plumeria acuminata Aiton; P. acutifolia Poiret; P. rubra var. acutifolia (Poiret) L. H. Bailey.

Trees to 8 m tall. Bark pale green, smooth, thin. Petiole to 7 cm; leaf blade elliptic to very narrowly so, 14-30 X 6-8 cm, glaucous adaxially, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins 30-40 pairs, slightly elevated abaxially. Corolla tinged with pink or purple at least outside, 4-6 cm in diam.; lobes pink, yellow, or white, with a yellow base, 3-4.5 X 1.5-2.5 cm, obliquely spreading. Follicles oblong, 11-25 X 2-3 cm. Fl. Mar-Sep, fr. Jun-Dec. 2n = 36.

Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [native to Mexico and Central America]

Widely cultivated for medicine and as ornamental. The flowers are used for the treatment of dysentery. The small, white-flowered form is more valued medicinally in China than other forms of the species.


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