15. Panicum curviflorum Hornemann, Hort. Bot. Hafn., Suppl. 116. 1819.
弯花黍 wan hua shu
Panicum trypheron Schultes.
Annual, loosely tufted. Culms erect or geniculately ascending, (15–)30–90 cm tall, nodes glabrous. Leaves mostly basal; leaf sheaths striate, hispid with tubercle-based hairs; leaf blades linear or lanceolate, flat, 7–30 × 0.2–0.9 cm, hispid, base straight, apex acute or acuminate; ligule 0.3–1 mm, a fringe of hairs. Panicle open, oblong in outline, 10–35 cm, axis smooth, moderately branched; branches ascending or spreading, scabrid. Spikelets lanceolate, 3–3.5 mm, glabrous, acuminate; glumes broadly ovate, scaberulous on veins, acuminate to cuspidate; lower glume 1/2–2/3 length of spikelet, 5-veined, clasping at the base, separated by an internode; upper glume as long as spikelet, 7–9-veined; lower floret barren, lemma similar to upper glume, finely acute, palea poorly developed; upper floret oblong, 3/4 length of spikelet, pale yellow or olive green, shiny, obtuse.
Grasslands, disturbed places. Yunnan [India, Indonesia, New Guinea, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand].