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FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae | Tephroseris

13. Tephroseris flammea (Turczaninow ex Candolle) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 8: 173. 1973.

红轮狗舌草 hong lun gou she cao

Senecio flammeus Turczaninow ex Candolle, Prodr. 6: 362. 1838; S. flammeus var. glabrifolius Cufodontis; S. flammeus f. limprichtii Cufodontis; S. flammeus f. simplex Y. Ling; S. longeligulatus H. Léveillé & Vaniot; Tephroseris flammea subsp. glabrifolia (Cufodontis) B. Nordenstam.

Herbs, rhizomatous, with leafy stems. Stem solitary, erect, to 60 cm tall, white arachnoid-tomentose and pubescent, ± glabrescent. Radical leaves withered by anthesis, long petiolate; leaf blade elliptic-oblong, base cuneately narrowed, apex obtuse to acute. Lower stem leaves oblanceolate-oblong, 8-15 × 1.5-3 cm, thickly papery, both surfaces sparsely arachnoid-tomentose and pubescent or adaxially ± glabrescent and sometimes abaxially also, base cuneately narrowed into winged, subamplexicaul, slightly decurrent petiole, margin irregularly mucronate-dentate, apex obtuse to subacute, mucronulate. Median stem leaves sessile, elliptic, oblong, or oblong-lanceolate, apically acute to obtuse, mucronulate; upper leaves linear-lanceolate to linear, smaller. Capitula ca. 3 cm in diam., 2-9 arranged in ± umbelliform terminal corymbs; peduncles fulvous pubescent and usually white arachnoid-tomentose, basally bracteate, 2- or 3-bracteolate. Involucres campanulate, 5-6 × 6-10 mm, not calyculate; phyllaries ca. 25, lanceolate or linear-lanceolate, ca. 1 mm wide, herbaceous, dark purple, sparsely arachnoid or subglabrous, apex acute. Ray florets 13-15; corolla tube 3-3.5 mm; lamina dark orange, linear, 12-16 × ca. 1.6 mm, 4-veined, 3-denticulate. Disk florets many; corolla yellow or purplish yellow, 6-6.5 mm, with ca. 3 mm tube and funnelform limb; lobes tinged purplish, ovate-lanceolate, ca. 1 mm, apically acute, papillose. Anthers ca. 2 mm, basally obtuse, appendages ovate-lanceolate. Achenes cylindric, 2.5-3 mm, pubescent. Pappus whitish, ca. 5.5 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug.

Montane meadows, forests; 1200-2100 m. Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Nei Mongol, Shaanxi, Shanxi [Russia (Far East, E Siberia)].


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