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Pakistan | Family List | Apocynaceae

5. Carissa Linn., Mant. 1:7. 1767. (conserved name);DC., Prodr. 8:332. 1844; Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 2:695. 1876; Boiss., Fl. Or. 4:44. 1879; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 3:630. 1882;Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bomb. 2:124. 1904; Talbot, For. Fl. Bomb. Pres. Sind. 2:205. 1911; Bailey, St. Cyclop. Hort. 1:664. 1947.


Densely branched, armed shrubs. Spines straight or axillary recurved with opposite, coriaceous leaves. Inflorescence a terminal axillary peduncled trichotomous cyme. Calyx 5-partite, usually eglandular within, lobes acute. Corolla contorted in bud tube cylindrical with glarous throat. Stamens included in the corolla tube free. Disc absent. Ovary with 1-4 ovules in each locule, style filiform with thick, fusiform stigma. Fruit a succulent indehiscent berry, somewhat ellipsoid or globose. Seeds 1-4, glabrous.

A genus with c. 20 species, distributed in Africa, Asia and Australia. Two species in Pakistan-one wild, one cultivated.

1 Young branches and leaves glabrous; leaves 3.75 -7.5 cm long. Corolla tube 1.8 - 2.5 cm long. Berry 1.25 - 2.5 cm long, purplish black when ripe   1 Carissa carandas
+ Young branches and leaves pubescent; leaves 1-3.5 cm long. Corolla tube c. 1.25 cm long. Berry 7-7.5 mm long, dull dark purple when ripe   2 Carissa opaca

Lower Taxa

Related Synonym(s):


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