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Pakistan | Family List | Papaveraceae | Meconopsis

Meconopsis aculeata Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. 67.t.15. 1833. Hook. f., Bot.Mag.t.5456. 1863; Hook.f. & Thoms. , Fl. Ind. 253. 1855; Hook. f., l.c 118; Chittenden, l.c 1270.

Meconopsis aculeata

Credit: Shaukat

Perennial prickly herb, (20-) 30-75 cm tall, with long and tapering rootstock. Radical leaves 10-20 cm long, 2.5-4 cm broad, cordate, petiolate, deeply dissected with obtuse to acute lobes; upper leaves oblong to lanceolate; petiole 4-7.5 cm long, broad somewhat sheathing at the base; segments (pinnae or lobes) very variable in shape, 5-30 mm long, 3-10 mm broad. Flowers 5-7 cm across, in long racemes or pseudo-racemes, bracteate except the upper ones; bracts foliaceous, smaller than the cauline leaves. Buds globose, 13-20 mm in diameter; pedicel slender, 2-7.5 cm long. Sepals caducous 2-2.5 cm long, suborbicular-ovate, keeled. Petals dark purplish blue, broadly obovate, 2-3 cm long, 2.5-3 cm broad with parallel veins. Stamens indefinite, c. 7 mm long; anther 1.5-2 mm long, basifixed, oblong, yellow. Ovary ovoid, 7-8 mm long, hispid or less prickly than the previous species; style columnar, 5-7 mm long; stigmas 4, oblong, fused, capitate, pale green. Capsule obovate to oblong, tapering at both ends, prickly, 13-18 mm long (excl. style), c. 1 cm broad, 5-7 valved; seeds numerous, reniform to planoconvex, c. 1 mm long, brownish red.

Type: N.W. Himalaya: Kashmir or Kumaon, Royle (LIV).

Distribution: Endemic to Kashmir.


Related Objects  
  • Illustration (Shaukat)
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