All Floras      Advanced Search
FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 2, 6, 8, 820, 892, 893 Login | eFloras Home | Help
FOC | Family List | FOC Vol. 20-21 | Asteraceae

12. Tribe INULEAE

旋覆花族 xuan fu hua zu

Authors: Yousheng Chen & Arne A. Anderberg

Shrubs, subshrubs, or herbs. Stems with or without resin ducts, without fibers in phloem. Leaves alternate or rarely subopposite, often glandular, petiolate or sessile, margins entire or dentate to serrate, sometimes pinnatifid to pinnatisect. Capitula usually in corymbiform, paniculiform, or racemiform arrays, often solitary or few together, heterogamous or less often homogamous. Phyllaries persistent or falling, in (2 or)3-7+ series, distinct, unequal to subequal, herbaceous to membranous, margins and/or apices usually scarious; stereome undivided. Receptacles flat to somewhat convex, epaleate or paleate. Capitula radiate, disciform, or discoid. Marginal florets when present radiate, miniradiate, or filiform, in 1 or 2, or sometimes several series, female and fertile; corollas usually yellow, sometimes reddish, rarely ochroleucous or purple. Disk florets bisexual or functionally male, fertile; corollas usually yellow, sometimes reddish, rarely ochroleucous or purplish, actinomorphic, not 2-lipped, lobes (4 or)5, usually ± deltate; anther bases tailed, apical appendages ovate to lanceolate-ovate or linear, rarely truncate; styles abaxially with acute to obtuse hairs, distally or reaching below bifurcation, branches ± linear, adaxially stigmatic in 2 lines from bases to apices (lines confluent distally), apices rounded to truncate, sterile apical appendage absent. Anthers with radial or polarized endothecial tissue. Achenes usually monomorphic within capitula, usually ellipsoid or columnar to prismatic, rarely with short beak, but sometimes abruptly constricted distally, often ribbed, glabrous or hairy, often glandular, hairs not myxogenic; pappus persistent, of ± barbellate bristles, of bristles and short scales, of short scales only, or rarely missing.

About 60 genera and 600 species: nearly worldwide, in both Old and New Worlds; 14 genera (one introduced) and 92 species (16 endemic, four introduced) in China.

1 Capitula radiate, disciform, or discoid, florets yellow; marginal florets when present female, radiate (rarely miniradiate or tubular); disk florets bisexual; phyllaries herbaceous or leathery, sometimes leafy; achenes with large oxalate crystals in epidermis cells (subtribe Inulinae)   (2)
+ Capitula disciform, heterogamous or homogamous; marginal florets filiform or tubular; achenes without large epidermis crystals (subtribe Plucheinae)   (8)
2 (1) Receptacle with paleae; style branch apex of bisexual florets rounded or truncate.   187 Buphthalmum
+ Receptacle without paleae; style branch apex of bisexual florets broad, rounded   (3)
3 (2) Pappus absent.   188 Carpesium
+ Pappus present   (4)
4 (3) Pappus in 2 rows, inner row of barbellate bristles, outer row of short, membranous scales.   189 Pulicaria
+ Pappus all of barbellate bristles   (5)
5 (4) Pappus bristles very few, sometimes missing in ray florets.   190 Pentanema
+ Pappus bristles numerous; all florets with pappus   (6)
6 (5) Marginal florets filiform, tubular.   191 Blumea
+ Marginal florets radiate or missing   (7)
7 (6) Ray florets 2- or 3-seriate, lamina 10-45 mm, rarely shorter; anther appendage rounded to acute; endothecial tissue radiate.   192 Inula
+ Ray florets 1-seriate, lamina 1-15 mm; anther appendage truncate; endothecial tissue polarized.   193 Duhaldea
8 (1) Capitula in dense globose or elongated secondary capitula   (9)
+ Capitula solitary, or in sparse compound synflorescence   (10)
9 (8) Pappus absent.   194 Sphaeranthus
+ Pappus present.   195 Pterocaulon
10 (8) Pappus absent.   196 Epaltes
+ Pappus of capillary bristles   (11)
11 (10) Phyllaries broad, oval to lanceolate; perennial herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs   (12)
+ Phyllaries narrow, linear-lanceolate or lanceolate; annual or perennial herbs   (13)
12 (11) Involucre obovate, broadly campanulate, or hemispheric; herbs, subshrubs, or shrubs.   197 Pluchea
+ Involucre oblong; perennial herbs.   198 Karelinia
13 (11) Stem generally winged; anthers without tails.   199 Laggera
+ Stem not winged; anthers shortly tailed at base.   200 Pseudoconyza

  • List of lower taxa


    Related Objects  
  • Inuleae (PDF)
  • PDF

  • Flora of China @
    Browse by
    Advanced Search

    Flora of China Home




     |  eFlora Home |  People Search  |  Help  |  ActKey  |  Hu Cards  |  Glossary  |