Ligusticum Linn., Sp. Pl. 250. 1753. Gen. Pl. ed. 5- 119. 1754; C.B. Clarke in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2: 698. 1879; Hiroe, Umb. Asia 1: 100 1958.
Plants perennial. Stem base usually fibrous. Leaves radical and cauline, 1-3-pinnate, glabrous or pubescent. Umbels lateral and terminal. Involucre of a few bracts or lacking. Involucel of 5-8 linear bractlets. Calyx teeth minute to obsolete. Fruit elliptic to oblong, ovoid or almost orbicular; subterete to dorsally compressed; ridges prominent to winged; furrows 2-4-vittate; commissure 6-8-vittate. Inner seed face plane to slightly concave.
A genus of over 60 north temperate species and well represented in the Himalayas from 2-3000 m. It is very near Selinum but differs in the absence of prominent calyx teeth, more prominent dorsal and intermediate ridges and in having more than one vitta in the fruit furrows.